The scientific name of Quinoa is Chenopodium Quinoa. It is known to have existed 7000 years back. The Incas domesticated it in Andean Valley (around Lake Titicaca) 5000 years back. It is also called “Chiyasa Mama” (Mother of all Grains) and used to strengthen their soldiers and increase their stamina for the long wars.
Protein: It is a source of “Complete Protein”
(i.e. it has all 9 essential Amino acids)
Carbohydrates: High Protein to Carbohydrate ratio
Fiber: High on Fibre. Twice that in Oatmeal
Cholesterol: Zero on Cholesterol
Fat: Zero on Trans Fat
Potassium: Highest Potassium amongst all whole grains.
Source of: Iron, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Manganese
Source of: Lysine (Amino Acid)-> prevents cancer, reduces anxiety
One feels fuller for a longer period of time after eating Quinoa, thereby preventing obesity. It leads to better glucose processing & therefore leads to less dietary fat absorption. One serving of quinoa gives more than 50% of RDI requirement of Manganese (Mn). Mn helps the body digest and use the food more efficiently.
- Supplements nutrition for gluten-free diets
Celiac patients tend to make Rice as their primary grain source which leads to shortfalls in Protein, Iron, Calcium, Fibre etc. If Quinoa is made the primary grain source, these nutrient shortfalls are not there.
- May help fight cancer Saponins cause cancer cell deaths in Glioblastoma (Brain Cancer), Leukemia (Blood Cancer) and Lymphoma (Lymph nodes).
Lunasin is a peptide that binds to and breaks apart the cancer cells.
it contains one of the highest levels of an antioxidant known as Quercetin which stops the spread of Lung Cancer.
Zero Trans Fat. 25% of fat is Oleic Acid (a healthy mono-saturated fat). 8% is of fat is ALA (a type of Omega 3 called Alpha-Linolenic Acid) which reduces cholesterol and blood pressure and risk of heart attacks. The gut makes Butyrate out of the Fibre & it prevents hardening and narrowing of arteries. Potassium reduces stroke risk and lowers blood pressure. Magnesium reduces stroke risk and heart attack risk.
Quinoa contains Polyphenols (a type of Flavonoid which is a type of antioxidant). It may play a role in prevention of Cardiovascular disease, Cancer, Osteoporosis and Diabetes. Other antioxidants like Quercetin, Kaempferol, Vanillic Acid & Ferullic Acid reduce inflammation. Free radicals are responsible for premature aging and other diseases. Beta-Carotene and other Carotenoids available in Quinoa scavenge upon these radicals.
Quinoa (a Prebiotic) works in conjunction with Probiotic enzymes and acts as a ‘fuel’ for beneficial bacteria, thereby lowering inflammation & strengthening immunity. Butyrate helps reduce inflammation & helps gut-repairing ability. Succinic acid also helps in gut health.
The Magnesium, Manganese and Phosphorus in Quinoa makes it a bone-building powerhouse. May help prevent Osteoporosis.
Manganese helps balance the amount of sugar in the bloodstream. Butyrate inhibits inflammation related to insulin resistance. Magnesium reduces Type II diabetes risk.